Why does the United States of America not prevent massacre shooting?

Trường Lăng

June 9, 2022


Why does the United States of America not prevent massacre shooting?

Trường Lăng

June 9, 2022

Joe Biden, the President of The United States of Americasent his condolence to the resident community in Uvalde, Texas, where 19 children and 2 adults were killed in a massacreshooting at Robb Elementary School on May 24. 

In the same day evening speech from the White House, Mr. Biden also requested the authorities to take action: “Why are we willing to live along with this carnage? Why do we let this carnage happen? It’s time to turn this pain into action. To every parent, every citizen in this country, we must make it clear to every elected official: it’s time to act.”

Despite the alerting situation, the US Congress has been unable to pass the stricter gun controls. Reported The Guardian, there are significant barriers to this process. 

10 countries with the highest gun laws in the world (estimated number of guns per 100 inhabitants). Quote from: Wikipedia

Frequency of massacreshootings in the United States of America

As of this year, the United States of America has recorded 213 massacre shootings (in which at least four people were shot or killed). In 2021, the number of mass shootings was 692, up from 610 recorded in 2020.

Right in this May, the United States of America experienced horrifying cases of mass shootings. Less than two weeks before the Uvalde incident, a gunman shot to kill 10 persons, most of them are African-American, at a grocery store in Buffalo, New York. 

Policy proposals to tackle mass shootings

Gun control advocates have outlined an intensive and concrete plan to reduce the number of deaths from gun abuse in the United States of America. Those policies include the obligatory background inspection on all gun purchase deals, including the deals carried out at the firearms exhibitions or by unlicensed online sellers, as well as enforcing a waiting period for use after someone purchases guns.

Control advocates also call for tightening limits on the ones who can legally buy guns. Thereof, abusive daters, people convicted of hate crimes and people suffering from mental illness… should be banned from buying weapons. Some proposals to ban the ones under the age of 21 from buying guns may have prevented the 18-year-old killers in Uvalde from acquiring their own weapons.

Some states have enacted the stricter gun controls, but the federal law will strengthen the restrictions across the country.

Total Deaths in US Mass Shootings
Total deaths in U.S. mass shootings from 1982 to 2021. Graphics : Wikipedia
ap school shooting ms
In 2007, a 14-year-old student in Cleveland committed suicide after shooting and wounding two teachers and two classmates.

Do Americans support the stricter laws?

There is a widespread support in the United States for some of the policies proposed by gun control aspirants. Reported a Morning Consult/Politico survey taken last year, 84% of the US voters supported the background inspection upon buying and selling firearms.

The opinions were, however, un-consensus when Americans were asked about their personal thoughts on the stricter gun laws in general. A poll conducted by Gallup in November 2021 showed that 52% of people in the United States of America supported the stricter gun control. It marked the lowest percentage on this question since 2014. The support for a handgun ban also dropped down to the rate of 2021, only 19% of Americans told Gallup that they would support such a policy.

Part of the foregoing reluctance may derive from the fact that tens of millions of Americans own guns. Four out of 10 Americans live in a household with guns, while 30% of American say that they personally own one gun, according to a last year survey by the Pew Research Center.

Has the US Congress ever tried to enact stricter gun controls?

The answer is yes. Democrats in the US Congress have repeatedly pushed the stricter gun controls to help reducing the number of mass shootings in the US. It is most notably, Congress tried to pass a compromise bill to expand the background inspection in 2013, few months after the horrific mass shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut. However, that bill could not be approved by the Senate, as the most Republicans and some Democrats opposed here.

After the bill could not be approved, Barack Obama President gave a fiery speech, he blamed the failure on the National Rifle Association, the organization vehemently opposed the bill and they swore to mobilize to protest against any senator who supported the bill. 

It is possible to enact the law in the future

The Democratic-controlled US House of Representatives passed the bills to expand the background inspection on all gun sales or transfers and seal what’s known as the “Charleston loophole”. That loophole used to allow a white gunman to shoot at a historic black church in Charleston in 2015. 

The new bill would delay the time that licensed gun sellers must wait to receive the complete background inspection before delivering guns to the unlicensed buyers. However, such bills passed by United States House of Representatives currently are impossible to be approved in the Senate because of dissidence. Republican senators are likely to veto any gun control bills, while Democrats don’t have the required 60 affirmative votes to pass the bills. 

Joe Manchin Democratic Senator also clear announced on May 24 that he would not support the amendment of the debate rules to pass the gun control bill, that means Democratic lawmakers don’t have enough votes to pass the laws as expected. Acknowledging this fact, Chuck Schumer Senate Majority Leader announced on May 25, the bills passed by the House of Representatives are unlikely voted by the Senate soon. 

That doesn’t mean that Democrats will give up their efforts to strengthen the gun controls. Senator Chris Murphy from Connecticut announced that voters have a chance to oust Republican lawmakers who oppose the reform at the midterm elections in the coming November.

Source :VietNam.Net

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